All Properties when being sold or let, require a valid Energy Performance Certificate.
An EPC gives Home Owners, Tenants and prospective buyers an assessment of a property
performance rating, in terms of its energy efficiency and environmental impact.
An EPC highlights a buildings energy and carbon emission efficiency grade from 'A'
to 'G', where 'A' is the best and with the average to date in the UK being D/E.
In order to produce and upload the certificate to the Government Web site, a trained
and qualified Domestic Energy Assessors must visit the property to collect important
The information includes a property description, and detail of dimensions, as well
as information about heating, ventilation, flooring and the general construction
of the property.
From this data assessors can use government-approved software to calculate a dwelling's
energy performance and can produce that all important EPC.
City & Guilds Qualified
EPC Key dates:
MEES (the Minimum Energy Efficiency Standards) became law.
Tenants were able to request a landlord make improvements to a property and, if this
could be delivered at no upfront cost, then the landlord could cannot “unreasonably
From April 2018 private rental properties were required to achieve an energy efficiency
rating of at least an E on their Energy Performance Certificate (EPC). The regulations
initially only apply upon the granting of a new tenancy to a new or existing tenant.
From April 2020, ALL private rental properties will be required to meet Minimum Energy
Efficiency Standards (MEES), and must achieve and energy efficiency rating of E or
The government has declared their wish to raise those standards further such that
that the minimum standard is likely to rise to a D by 2025 and a C Rating in 2030.
An EPC is already required to let or market a property legally, but the new laws
around Minimum Energy Efficiency Standards mean that an EPC of rating F and G is
not sufficient for compliance.
MEES is a set of Minimum Energy Efficiency Standards set out by the Government for
From April 2018, new MEES rules mean a landlord cannot renew or grant a new tenancy
of longer than 6 months if their property has an EPC rating of ‘F’ or lower. Anything
lower will mean the landlord is liable to pay a substantial fine.
The minimum efficiency standard is there for two reasons:
Making sure the UK’s housing stock is more efficient benefits the Government because
it helps them reach carbon reduction targets. The Government has committed to reducing
carbon emissions 57% by 2030 on 1990 levels. More efficient heating systems and better
insulation means less heating required by tenants. Some current forms of energy generation
are carbon-heavy and therefore lowering energy demand is better for the environment.
Good news for Domestic and Commercial tenants because they’re the ones paying the
bills. Living in a very inefficient house or running an inefficient commercial property
means more money spent on heating and lighting – therefore it is worthwhile for tenants
to encourage their landlord to install energy saving measures.
Although enforced home improvements may not be the most welcome news for landlords,
it should be seen by them as a value-adding opportunity. Tenants and property developers
will often take the EPC rating of the property into account before renting or buying.